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 Home > City Resources > Fashion & Beauty > Understanding Jewellery

Understanding Jewellery

JewelleryJewellery is almost second skin for a woman. This universal love for jewellery is less often supported by knowledge for this exquisite pieces of art. A woman wears them, but is uninitiated when it comes to taking care of her jewellery or understanding them. Shehzad Zaveri of Menawala Jewellers offers an insight into the world of diamonds, gold and platinum.

Diamonds and Four Cs: Cut, Carat, Colour & Clarity

Cut: Cut is determined by Jewellers and partly by the shape and size of a natural diamond. The popular cuts include baguette, emerald, heart, marquise, oval, princess and round brilliant, taper and tear drop. Jewellery

Carat: The weight of a diamond is measured in carats. 1 carat = 0.2 grams and 5 carats = 1 gram. Two diamonds of equal weight can have highly unequal values, as it also depends on the cut, colour and clarity.

Color: Diamonds can be colorless, exceptionally white, or yellow. Pink, Blue, Green diamonds are known as fancies. In the classification system, D is considered among the best and letters E to Z are allocated to various shades of white and yellow. The most prized diamonds are colourless.

Clarity: Diamonds are graded by 10X magnifying lens, in natural light by skilled graders. The grades are 1F, VVS1, VVS2, VS1, VS2, S1, S12, PK, etc. Flaws are visible to the naked eye in the PK grade only. Though 1F and VVS1 are the best in terms of clarity, VS1, S1 or S12 are less expensive.

Different settings are used to highlight and accentuate diamonds and other precious stones. With the initiation of new settings, contemporary jewellery designs have become more streamlined and elegant. The most popular settings are channel, closed, flush, invisible, pave and prong settings.

Platinum facts
Platinum, the world's rarest metal has been used in jewellery since 700 BC. Found in only a few locations, it is also difficult to mine. In order to produce one single ounce of Platinum (10 grams), a total of 10 tonnes of ore must be mined. In comparison, only 3 tonnes of ore is required to mine 1 ounce of gold. Platinum that is worked into jewellery, has a purity level of 950/1000. The superb color of platinum jewellery ensures its compatibility with all skin types producing no allergic reactions and discolouration. Platinum is a dense metal, heavier than gold, silver or lead and stronger. Its high density prevents wear and tear, making it the ideal metal for setting precious stones.

Purity of Gold
The purity of gold is measured in karats and pure gold is 24 karat, meaning that all the 24 parts of it are gold. When gold is 18 karats, it means that 18 of the 24 parts are pure gold, and the other 6 parts are made of metals (alloys) such as copper, silver and zinc. 24-karat gold has a natural warm color. Different colors of gold can be obtained by alloying with different metals.

"Care for your jewellery" - Shehzad Zaveri
To maintain original lustre and smooth finish of jewellery, he offers simple guidelines:

Clean your hands before wearing jewellery

Do not allow perfume to get in contact with jewellery

Wash with mild soap and rinse with clean water

A small amount of ammonia may be used for cleaning

Polish with a recommended cleaning solution, or ask your jeweller to use an ultrasonic machine

After cleaning, dry and polish with chamois

Store in a soft cloth to avoid scratches and tangling

Studded jewellery requires a little extra care

Ultrasonic machines, strong detergents, ammonia and hot water could affect pearls, emeralds, lapis-lazuli, coral and turquoise. Therefore, great care should be exercised when cleaning such jewellery by yourself. It is better to leave these to the jeweller to handle.

By Anupama Vinayak


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